DISM Tool repairs Windows System Image & This is the same in Windows 8.1, 10, and 11 to Scan your computer for inconsistencies using The System Update and Readiness Tool or CheckSUR tool. and also there might be various hardware failures & software issues. Therefore, these issues can be fixed by using the above-mentioned tool.
Windows Component Store Corrupt:
System Image can be repaired using the DISM tool.
If a Windows image becomes unserviceable, you can use the Deployment Imaging and Servicing Management (DISM) tool to update the files and correct the problem. In the case of system inconsistencies and corruption, you can use the DISM tool by using the Cleanup-Image functionality along with these available switches.
Windows dism/online/cleanup-image/restorehealth followed by these switches:
This checks and records for component store corruption to the C:\Windows\Logs\CBS\CBS.log
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This switch does not fix the Corruption. This is useful in which way if any corruption exists. Use:
Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
This could take 10-15 minutes.
This checks to see if a component corruption marker is already present in the registry. This is merely a way to see if corruption currently exists. Think of it as a read-only CHKDSK. Use:
Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
This could take less than a minute.
This checks for component store corruption records the corruption to C:\Windows\Logs\CBS\CBS.log and FIXES the corruption using Windows Update. Use:
Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
This operation takes 15 mins or more depending on the level of corruption.
To carry out these operations you have to open an elevated Command Prompt. First, you have to check if there are corruptions and it the corruption or image is repairable. If yes, then you can use the /RestoreHealth switch to fix the corruption.
Additional Methods that you can use:
- If your System File Checker is corrupted or SFC is not working and the SFC /SCANNOW command is unable to repair corrupted system files because the store is corrupted.
- To fix Windows component store corruption when the same Windows Updates continue to appear to be available to install even though they already show successfully installed in update history.
- If a Windows image becomes unserviceable, you can use the Deployment Imaging and Servicing Management (DISM) tool to update the files, correct the problem, and repair the Windows image. You can use DISM to repair an offline Windows image in a WIM or VHD file or an online Windows image.